Test tube baby is a term used when a child is conceived from outside a woman’s body. But a more accurate description of a test tube baby is an embryo conceived in a lab via the scientific method of In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) without altering the natural pregnancy process.
If a particular woman has an infertility problem and is unable to deliver a healthy child then the test tube baby process or IVF can immensely help them.
Let us learn about the steps carried out in this process.
Step-by-step test tube baby process
Since the first successful attempt in the year 1978, countless extensions have been implied to IVF, although the fundamental procedure is still the same. It is divided into five phases. Women preparing for such treatment must know these procedures.
Step 1. Ovulation of eggs through hormone therapy.
Ahead of egg retrival, the female partner is recommended to inject hormone medication to foster the development of the follicles and synchronous growth in her ovaries. Terminal egg development is achieved by the HCG injection, one and a half-day before the collection of an egg.
Step 2. Retrieval of the egg from an ovary.
She is given an anesthetic or light sedative, to ease up her discomforts and other types of pains at the time of egg retrieval. With the help of transvaginal ultrasound along with a thin needle connected to it, the specialist extracts the eggs from the ovaries. All these samples are then submitted to the lab.
Step 3. Sample of sperm provided
On the exact day of the egg restoration, the male partner is asked for a semen sample.
Step 4. Sperm and eggs are integrated for fertilization.
The eggs and sperm are integrated in an aerial dish and then placed in an incubator for some days. During this period, the professionals inspect for any indications of fertilization and keep track of the development of embryos.
Step 5. Embryos are transplanted in the uterus.
On the same day of embryo transfer, 2 or 3 embryos are planted in the female partner’s uterus with the help of a thin catheter.
Benefits of test tube process
The main advantages of this process is that it can help couples in evading many female and male infertility issues such as:
- Unexplained infertility
- Erectile dysfunction
- Blocked fallopian tubes
- Older woman who wishes to have a baby
- Low ovarian reserves
- Low sperm count
- PCOS( Polycystic Ovary Syndrome)
- Failure of premature ovarian
Who must opt for this treatment?
If you are a couple who has been failing for around a year in your efforts to have a baby, you must opt for such fertility treatments. You should consult with a fertility expert to treat your infertility and undergo the correct procedures.
Deciding factors of test-tube baby process
- Woman’s age
Success rate increases when the age of a woman is below 30 – 35 years
- Embryo Quality
Embryos having genetic and chromosomal issues are weak and are not fit for this process.
- Ovarian response
In case the ovaries do not respond firmly to the medications and are not able to create multiple eggs.
- Implantation issues
Around half of the cases go wrong because of implantation issues. This can occur when the embryo discontinues growing naturally.
Here at Endoworld, our motive is to offer you appropriate knowledge, cutting-edge technologies, and the latest medical developments in the test tube baby process and any type of fertility treatments to enhance your pregnancy chances.
Contact us today for a consultation or you can just visit our hospital located in Aurangabad, Maharashtra.