Can diabetes cause infertility in women?

Can diabetes cause infertility in women?

According to a study, India is among the top two countries with the highest number of diabetic population. Prevalence of diabetes has more than doubled for men in India and has also increased by 80 percent among women in India (4.6 percent to 8.3 percent). While there is increasing awareness about diabetes prevention and treatment, there isn’t much awareness about other problems that are caused by diabetes like early onset and increased severity in sexual and urological functions. Diabetes can cause female infertility by delaying menarche (onset of menses for the first time) and this is intensified by the fact that high sugar causes rapid and premature ovarian aging as evidenced by an early menopause. Thus diabetes leads to shortening of a woman’s reproductive lifespan. During the reproductive years, diabetes has consistently been associated with menstrual abnormalities as well. The risk of oligomenorrhea, or delayed periods, is directly proportional to the levels of blood glucose. Uncontrolled diabetes may also negatively affect a growing egg’s micro-environment, thus compromising on ovarian hormone synthesis, ovulation, and the egg’s quality. Further, it may lead to infections of pelvic organs like the ovaries and the fallopian tubes, compromising on a woman’s fertility potential. You might be wondering if there is any connection to being diabetic and infertility. It is not necessary that diabetes is only the reason that keeps women from getting pregnant, but it is often the reason which keeps them from staying pregnant. In many cases, a woman with higher than normal glucose levels does get pregnant month after month. Unfortunately, her diabetes status prevents that embryo from implanting in the uterus,...